Children and young people's diabetes service

Children and young people's diabetes service

The Barts Health Children and Young Peoples Diabetes service is delivered across three sites; The Royal London, Whipps Cross University Hospital and Newham University Hospitals. Collectively we deliver diabetes care to around 600 patients. 


We understand that our families are concerned about COVID-19 (Coronoavirus)

There is no evidence at present that children and young people with diabetes are more at risk of getting COVID-19. However we realise that it is more difficult to manage diabetes when you are unwell. There is information here to help you talk to your child about coronavirus [pdf] 1MB

You will need to follow the sick day rules [pdf] 364KB (ensure you have a working ketone meter and ketone strips). Please contact us if you need further information or are struggling to manage your symptoms. Click here to download our sick day rules. 

We recommend that you try and keep your blood glucose levels in range, have hypo (blood glucose below 4mmol/L) treatment available and keep a good supply of all your prescriptions.

Paracetamol is recommended to reduce fever, such as Calpol.

The best way to reduce your risk is to regularly wash your hands

Your Appointments

We are trying to reduce face-to-face contacts and so we will be contacting you by phone for your appointments instead of asking you to come into the hospital as much as possible.

Downloading your pump / meter / sensor at home will become more important. This page includes details on how to do this - refer to the “Helpful guides for pumps, glucose meters and devices” section.

The whole team is still working and available to help you with any of your concerns with managing your diabetes. 


Continue to get your prescriptions as normal, DO NOT stockpile. Please be patient with your pharmacy they are likely to have a lot of requests. Give your pharmacy plenty of notice before you run out. We have not heard that there are supply issues at the moment, if you are having issues please email to let us know.

Insulin Pump Supplies

Pump companies have been in close contact with us; they are telling us that they do not have supply issues and are continuing to provide supplies as normal. Click here.pdf 159KB for onmipod details. Click for Medtronic Warranty Extension Letter.pdf 109KB , Medtronic Preparedness and Support [pdf] 164KB and customer letter [pdf] 66KB


Meet the team

Consultants at The Royal London: Dr Evelien Pease-Gevers (Clinical Lead), Dr Claire Hughes, Dr Rathi Prasad, Dr Ruben Willemsen

Consultants at Whipps Cross: Dr Paramita Cifelli, Dr Ashraf Gabr, Dr Prab Kalaivanan

Consultants at Newham General:  Dr MalathiMala Kurre and Dr Ruben Willemsen, Dr Muriel Meso (Maternity Leave)

Lead Nurse Specialist - Paediatric Diabetes: Nicky Moor

Clinical Nurse Specialists - Paediatric Diabetes: Lisa Fuller, Saniya Akther, Leah Thomas, Jenny Hurley (Newham University Hospital, ELFT)

Paediatric Diabetes Specialist Nurses: Freyja Cullen, Hannah Adamson, Tapi Mannie, Jade Effik

Specialist Paediatric Diabetes Dietitians: Kate Sharples, Waseema Skogen (Maternity Leave) , Chelsea Slough (Maternity Leave) , Sarah O’Toole, La'shay Atakora, Emma Lynch

Clinical Psychologist in Diabetes: Elizabeth Nash, Susie Gordon-Jones (Maternity Leave)

Support staff: Margaret Murphy (Medical Secretary), Lucy Painter (Secretary, Royal London), Yasmin Khatun (Administrator and Database admin, Royal London), Shapla Ahmed (MDT coordinator, Royal London), Bianca Barnett (Admin Assistant, Newham), Abdul Latif (Pathway Co-ordinator, Newham),

Information for families

At diagnosis

Having a child newly diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes can be a very daunting time, we hope that when your child is diagnosed you are provided with all the information and skills you need to manage their condition. If you have any concerns or questions the diabetes team at Barts Health are available Monday - Friday via the nurses on call phone and via email. Out of hours each site has a way of getting emergency advice 24 hours a day - see the contact us section.

Below are some additional resources you may find useful through your families diabetes journey:

  • At diagnosis we recommend you download Deapp. It can be downloaded to your phone as an app. You and your child can work through the videos, clips and games to learn about diabetes. You will be asked to complete several sections and be signed off as competent before you are discharged home after diagnosis.
  • Digibete is an online resource providing video’s to support families with caring for their diabetes
  • JDRF are an international charity who fund diabetes research focused on curing, treating and preventing Type 1 diabetes.
  • Diabetes UK are an national charity that fund research and offer support for those with diabetes. Their website includes useful information for schools, parents, teenagers and young adults. There is useful infomation of how to complete the Disability Living Allowance form
  • The book, Type 1 Diabetes in Children, Adolescent and Young Adults by Dr Ragnar Hanas is a detailed and useful resources if you want a deeper understanding of diabetes. It is a large book and covers all aspects of the research and knowledge about diabetes, to the practical management of diabetes, different life stages and practicalities. It is regularly updated with the latest research and developments.
  • Carbs and Cals - We recommend using these apps to be able to accurately work out the carbohydrate content of your food.
  • These are the Novo Nordisk Education Goals for children which we use during your annual review appointments.
  • ISPAD is an international society whose aims are to promote clinical and basic science, research, education and advocacy in childhood and adolescent diabetes.
  • We submit data to The National Paediatric Diabetes Audit (NPDA) each year. It reports on key care processes, outcomes and access to technology. The aim of the report is to improve the quality of care for children and young people effected by diabetes. You can access the parents and carer report here. Newham university got a mention in the 2017 - 2018 report for improving key care processes which we are very proud of. 

Companies that provide useful products and pump accessories

Support Networks

  • The Families with Diabetes National Network is the network of the parent reps from each regional network of the country
  • The national network group have regional facebook pages; the south east coast and London network can be reached here
  • There is a walthamstow parents support facebook page which can be reached here
  • Children with diabetes is a advocacy group who are active in support families with diabetes and also have a facebook page

Helpful guides for pumps, glucose meters and devices

Downloading your meter

It is really useful to download your meters / pumps prior to clinic. We know that the more you look at your own data the better your diabetes management will be.

We do not get updates on when you upload your device. Please call 07889 591 637 or email us to let us know you have done this. We will usually have a look at the download and call you back.

If you use a blood glucose meter, Roche expert meter, Freestyle Libre, Omnipod or Roche Pump you can download to Diasend.

Below are instructions on how to do this.

  • Go to the diasend website (maybe save this in your favourites) and click on 'Register Here'
  • Enter your email, enter personal details and then opt to share your data but entering the correct clinic code, depending on which hospital you attend to see your diabetes team
    • Royal London - 62-29236
    • Whipps Cross - 29-31999
    • Newham - 39-66567
  • Log in with your email and password

Steps 5 and 6 for uploading to diasend

  • Click on the tools tab
  • Connect your meter or pump to the computer with a USB cable (Real time cable). It will upload to 100%
  • Now when you go to the diasend website and log in, you should be able to look at your downloaded results

How do I get a cable?

If you are on a dexcom, Omnipod or Roche pump you should get a cable in your started pack. If you are on a Roche expert meter you will need to call Roche: 0800 731 22 91. Ask for a Roche Real Time Download cable, you should be given one for free.

Upload Roche EXPERT meter with Diasend 

Upload Omnipod with Diasend 

Upload Pump with Diasend 

Freestyle Libre

Libre View is the online website. You need to log on and enter the practice code dependant on which hospital you attend.  You can upload your Free Style Libre reader using the yellow cable that came in your start up box.

  • Royal London  – 14771901
  • Whips Cross  – 14149240
  • Newham – 05610275

If you have a Smart phone with NSF technology you can download the Libre Link app, this allows you to swipe your phone over the Libre to look at your results.  If you want to share this data with us, again you need to enter the above clinic code.

LibreLinkUp app is for parents / carers who’s child / young person has the Libre Link app to allow them to see when the young person has scanned and what their results are.

If you need help using your device you can contact us or Freestyle Libre website includes lots of handy video guides

Medtronic Pumps

Medtronic pumps can be uploaded using carelink personal website. You will need to log in and then download the carelink uploader software.

If you have issues call the Medtronic help line: 01923 205 167 or watch the video below:


Information for professionals

Do you suspect Diabetes?

Be aware that the characteristics of type 1 diabetes in children and young people include:

  • Hyperglycaemia (random plasma glucose more than ≥11 mmol/litre)
  • Polyuria
  • Polydipsia
  • Weight loss
  • Excessive tiredness

Refer children and young people with suspected type 1 diabetes immediately (on the same day) to a multidisciplinary Paediatric diabetes team with the competencies needed to confirm the diagnosis and to provide immediate care. There is no need to request a fasting blood glucose if a random glucose is ≥11 mmol/litre, or there is glycosuria or HbA1c >48 mmol/mol.

New referrals

Referrals for new patients should be discussed with on-call consultant for paediatric diabetes and endocrinology or paediatric consultant of the week. Call the relevant hospital (Royal London, Whipps Cross or Newham University Hospital) switchboard. Send the young person directly to paediatric A&E.

Information for young people moving to adult services

If your diabetes team have started to talk to you about transition it means you have reached an exciting stage in your life. It’s a time of new beginnings, including friends, education or employment. You will be thinking about the future, independence and having more freedom to make your mind up about stuff.

This will also include your transition with your diabetes. Transition means getting ready to move from the paediatric diabetes service to the adult diabetes service. You will be invited to a new clinic with some familiar faces and new ones looking ahead with you and supporting you through these exciting times.

This video will tell you more about what this is about:

Will there be any changes to my care?

From the age of 14 you will have the opportunity to attend the first half of your clinic appointment on your own to talk to the diabetes team.

Legally, we will always need to see you with your parents up to the age of 16.

After you have turned 16, we can see you by yourself. Often, your parents would still be involved with your diabetes care and it is fine to bring them in if you would want to.

Ready Steady Go clinics

From 16, you will be offered to attend RSG clinics. The nurse and dietitian will talk to you about grown up issues and diabetes such as university, driving, alcohol and relationships etc. 

It is a great opportunity for you to talk about how diabetes fits into your life and helping you to become independent.

Depending which clinic you attend your transition process will be slightly different:

Royal London Hospital

You can either move on to the adult diabetes team in Mile End Hospital or St. Bartholomew Hospital. From the age of 18 years you will meet the adult diabetes team in your usual paediatric diabetes clinic. We do these joint clinics a few times per year, so you can get to know the adult teams before you move on at 19 years old. 

Newham University Hospital

We will see you in the teenager’s diabetes clinic from the age of 15 until 19. When you are ready to move on to the adult diabetes clinic we will have one joint appointment with the adult diabetes team to introduce you to them. The adult diabetes team has clinics in Shrewsbury Road.

Whipps Cross Hospital

Between the ages of 16-19 years you will continue to be seen in children’s outpatients with the familiar faces of the nurse and dietitian from the paediatric service plus a doctor from the adult service. When you are ready to move on you will go to the young person’s clinic at Whipps Cross Diabetes clinic.

Topics to explore as you prepare to transition

With all the life changes ahead of you, we will discuss topics to support your independence and ensure diabetes fits into your lifestyle and we will let you know where you can get more information from.

  • Having a healthy diet and lifestyle
  • Driving
  • Looking after your mental health
  • Managing seeing your GP, medical team and picking up prescriptions
  • Holidays and / or festivals
  • Living independently
  • Careers, university, college or work
  • Relationships and family planning
  • Tattoos and Body Piercings
  • Puberty and Menstruation
  • Alcohol, smoking and Drugs
  • Personal Independence payment (PIP) and finances

Social media

There is a large online diabetes community which may help you feel more supported

Be careful with what you read online. Always consult your team prior to making any changes to your diabetes treatment.

Information for schools

Management of diabetes in schools training

Due to COVID the way school training has been adapted. We are requesting that you do an online module followed by a short practical sessions.

To book a place: email to book a space.

School trips and residential trips

  • There is no reason why children/young people with diabetes should not be able to go on residential trips, but staff will require further training regarding their daily diabetes regimes.
  • Activity holidays will need a change in insulin and food will need to be carb counted.
  • We provide personalized care plans for particularly active trips.
  • Contact the diabetes team for support with this.

Diabetes UK has lots of resources online for school and for parents which can be accessed here

They asked children and young people to create videos about managing their diabetes in school. We really love them.


School menus

The accurate carbohydrate (carb) counting of school menus is an important part of achieving good diabetes control for children and young people with Type 1 diabetes. Inaccurate entry of carbs can lead to too little or too much insulin being delivered and, therefore, inadequate blood glucose management. Unfortunately we cannot carb count the menus of all the schools we cover and so we rely on parents/guardians and schools working together. You can download our guide to carb counting school menus 417KB.  

County Council school menus

We endeavour to carb count school meals when they are provided by the council in Newham, Tower Hamlets and Waltham Forest; please contact the team or look on our website if you have not been provided with one.

Click here for Tower Hamlets carb-counted Primary School menu 217KB : Interim Menu June 2020 to September 2020

Click here for Tower Hamlets carb-counted Secondary School menu 274KB - This maybe an out of date version.

Click here for Newham carb counted menu Primary School two-choice menu 214KB interim menu June 2020 - September 2020

Click here for Waltham Forest carb counted menu Primary School menu214KB - This maybe an out of date version.

We have not currently been provided with menus for the Waltham Forest or Newham secondary school.

Key points:

  • Portion sizes are not defined for children and young people with Type 1 Diabetes and they can eat the same as any other child.
  • Insulin doses are affected by the amount of carbohydrates contained in the food. The portion size dictates the amount of carbohydrates in the food.
  • The portion size needs to be accurate to +/-10% to ensure accurate carb counting and therefore correct insulin delivery.
  • A discussion should be had between parent / guardian, the school and catering teams as to the most practical, safe and effective method for ensuring accurate portion sizes are plated up, carbs calculated and insulin delivered.
  • School are required to make reasonable adjustments to ensure that young people can have school meals as their peers do and many of the schools we deal with do this brilliantly.

School trips

Parents/guardians should be advised on the catering arrangements when children attend school trips in advance. If a packed lunch is required, parents/guardians should advise school on the carb content of each lunch item. If outside catering is to be used; the carb counting of the meals should be done by parents/guardians prior to the trip.

Fussy/un-eaten meals

A child with diabetes should have the same requirement to finish their meal as any other child. If a small amount of the meal is left, monitor the child for the following 90 minutes to ensure that if the child has a hypo (<4mmol) it can be treated effectively. You may gently encourage the child to finish their meal, however, we do not advocate force feeding. If fussy eating or food refusal is common, speak with parents/guardians contact diabetes team to discuss further individualised advice.

Research and networks

We work together with the clinical research facility to perform clinical trials in diabetes. We are currently involved in several clinical trials, including:

  • ADDRESS2 (Database for patients with Type 1 Diabetes)
  • CLOuD (Artificial Pancreas Study for patients with newly diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes)
  • Trial Net (Follow up of family members of patients with Type 1 Diabetes)
  • Sitagliptin in Type 2 Diabetes (Merck) (A study for new treatment in patients with Type 2 Diabetes between 10-18 yrs)
  • INNODIA (An innovative approach towards understanding and arresting Type 1 Diabetes)
  • T2NOW (Study of two oral diabetes drugs in patients with Type 2 Diabetes aged 10-18 years) 

Networks we are part of

  • Set up in 2010 the National Children and Young People’s Diabetes Network bring together 10 regional groups to support standardisation of care, sharing of good practice and maintaining high quality standards.
    • Barts Health is part of the North East Thames group, part of the larger South East Coast and England region. There is also a Families with Diabetes National Network who provide a voice into the regional networks
  • Set up in 2008, SWEET aims to improve secondary prevention, diagnosis and control of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and adolescence. The Royal London Hospital is a SWEET centre of reference
    • European Reference Networks are virtual networks involving Reference Centres across Europe. They aim to tackle complex or rare medical diseases or conditions that require specialised treatment and a concentration of knowledge and resources. SWEET is one of these networks.

Our news

invite to sports day on 15th August 2019

National Diabetes Audit Results 2017 - 2018

The National Paediatric Diabetes Audit (NPDA) is a national audit where each of the 170 children's diabetes unit in England and Wales has to submit data about the care of diabetes of the children in their unit to the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. The results of the 2017-18 year has come out and these show that all 3 hospitals are doing well. 

?The average HbA1c in the Royal London Hospital is much better than average; in fact we are top 10 in England and Wales! We and the Hospital's Chief Executive were sent a special letter to congratulate the unit. We also have more children on pump treatment than average, have more children that have their annual review and retinal screening completed although both are still well below 100%. We struggle to give everyone 4 HbA1c's per year and 4 appointments per year and we continue to try and work on that.

Newham Hospital improved so much that it was especially mentioned in the report, and their average HbA1c was well within the national normal range. The newest data for 2018-19 which we will be submitting soon shows even further improvement to the same high standard as in RLH.

The Hba1c in Whips Cross Hospital has always been good and remains  good. The main struggle in Whipps Cross Hospital is to show data from the annual reviews and retinal screening so please make sure you get your blood and urine tests and eye test every year.

Click here to read the full report.

Tell us how we are doing

The National Paediatric Diabetes Audit is running Parent and Patient Reported Experience Measure (PREM) surveys to gain an understanding of parents’ and patients’ perspectives and experiences of the care they have that they have received in the previous six months. It will only take 5minutes, please click here to complete

We are improving

The whole Barts Health Paediatric Diabetes Team is taking part in the RCPCH quality improvement project. We have working groups improving our Newly diagnosed education for type 1 and type 2 diabetics. We are working on engaging with our families better and more. We want to ensure all our families get their annual key care processes. We are helping families to download their diabetes devices and interpret the readings. Our joint aim is to increase the number of our patients with an HbA1c of <48mmol/L as per NICE guidelines.